The fool thinks he is the wisest man in the world and has a solution to all problems that face mankind. He is sure that God exists or does not exist. He is, paradoxically enough, convinced of his own and everyone else’s duty. There is no confusion in him; in his case ‘ignorance is bliss’. He has not sufficiently evolved to enter into the state of confusion that lies between the lower orders of human beings and the true (i.e. enlightened) human being.
The unenlightened human being almost constantly finds himself on the horns of a dilemma. Often he is ridiculed by the fool: “I told you, give up all this philosophising and be happy as I am.”
It is good to know that confusion is a stage higher than ignorance. It lasts till we find a Guru or preceptor who opens the gates of wisdom for us to enter – Guru in the sense of ‘light that dispels darkness’. Such a Guru may be personal or impersonal.